Active checkbox. After this, we run the T. The error message showing - The function you selected cannot be carried out: Access usage decision. Through MB1B tcode, when we are trying this with movt type, error showing If you have an answer for this question, then please use the Your Answer form at the bottom of the page instead.
Maintain the QI inspection plan for the material and process with QA Then based on this goto QA32 and check the usage decision. If you have a different answer for this question, then please use the Your Answer form at the bottom of the page instead. When material under quality inspection, you cannot use MB1B transaction to transfer material from quality to unrestricted stock.
You have to use transaction code: QA32, select inspection lot, click "Results"enter result value to accept and save. After all these steps, you can see stock was in quality inspection now available in unrestricted stock. Thanks a lot Mr. Bijay, We are solved this issue as per your instruction. Once again thanks a lot. Hi, Check in QA32 for the inspection lot what is the system status, whether it is Released or not. Create insepction plant for the mateial via QP01 and provide the release date prior to the GR date.
Release the lot via QA32 and move the stock from quality to unrestriced and give user decision. You mentioned in the log that u didnt active quality check box for the procurementpls check once again. Attachments: Up to 10 attachments including images can be used with a maximum of 1. Search the SAP Community. This question has been deleted.
This question has been undeleted. Anil Kumar. Posted on Dec 22, at AM 8. Please guide Add a comment. Comment on This Question Help to improve this question by adding a comment.QM is an integral part of logistic management and it is used to perform quality functions such as quality planning, quality assurance, and quality control, at various stages such as incoming material stage, in-process manufacturing process stage, and after production as well.
In the following diagram, you can see the key components that are involved in SAP Quality Management process. Quality planning includes data for quality planning and how the quality process has to be performed? You perform Quality inspection plan. It is used to define the way you can inspect an item and the steps involved to perform an inspection.
It also determines the characteristics of an item to be inspected and what equipment are required to perform an inspection. Inspection plan definition is an important part of the QM planning process. The inspection plan contains the number of characteristics of the item to be inspected and the list of tests to be performed for performing the inspection. A Quality inspection involves someone from the quality department inspecting an item as per the defined points in inspection plan.
You perform the inspection based on one or more inspection lots, where a lot is a request to inspect a specific item. In SAP system, you can create Inspection lot either manually by a user or automatically in the system. Under Quality Control, you have quality notifications, standard reports, and Quality notification system.
Quality control determine what actions need to be taken as after defects are detected. Quality notification can be raised internally to raise an issue that have arisen on the production line. A quality notification can be assigned to an existing order or you can also create a new order as per the quality notification.
You can create reports in QM system to check how many times a product has been identified with a defect and improvement areas that your company has to implement. This report is used to show the number of defected material supplied by a vendor.
This can be checked by examining the inspection lots of the goods received. A quality department can highlight vendors who have supplied material which are failing in inspection.
This report is used to show the defects that were found on inspections for outbound deliveries. This helps the organization to improve the quality of goods delivered and hence raise the customer satisfaction. These functions comprise to form Quality Management process. Maintain quality agreements and RFP details when you request for a quotations and purchase orders is raised for vendors. Using SAP QM process, you can initiate an inspection at the supplier site before the delivery due from the supplier.
SAP QM can be used to make and stop the vendor payments until you clear the inspection lot in the system. Manage the inventory of goods during the inspection and accept the cleared goods in the inventory system. You can also use SAP QM in material management to determine the characteristic values from quality inspections to define the batch number of produced material. Using SAP QM, you can evaluate vendors as per the quality scores, material provided and quality notification.
As part of SAP QM process, you can handle inspection characteristics and also define characteristics for the operation. Using SAP QM, you can set up the final inspection from the goods receipt after production process is complete. You can use QM process to manage partial lots of a material during production, which are different in quality. Using SAP QM, you can monitor the production quality with the help of control charts and reports in Production planning.
In SAP QM system, you can initiate an inspection when a delivery is created against a purchase order. You can integrate SAP QM with controlling process to manage the costs for defect control and non-confirmative costs in production process.
To perform the quality process, you need to maintain data related to inspection planning in SAP system. You need to maintain the data for quality planning to maintain standard reports related to material master, supplier, and customer complaints.
You can define inspection specifications for the materials. For example, dimensions of inspected material width, length and height of the material, etc. Master inspections are specified at the production level and you can organize the master inspection specifications to remove duplicate specifications. You can directly get the results for quantitative specifications from inspection while recording the result.Welcome to our tutorial on SAP stock types.
Within the SAP MM modu leinventory management is a sub-module which involves the handling of stock received from the vendor and the subsequent movement of stock to the correct storage area within the company. In this tutorial, as part of our free SAP MM trainingwe will break down all of the different types of stock that are managed within the system and give you an idea on how each is processed. Stock might also be referred to as materials or goods throughout this article.
For example, raw material is managed both by value and quantity. The below image shows the updating method of raw material as maintained via customizing transaction code OMS2 :. Meanwhile, non-valuated material is updated by quantity only. For quantity managed stock, value is registered against an account assignment, like a cost center. Below is the configuration for updating method of non-valuated material as maintained via transaction code OMS2 : Non-Valuated Material Quantity Management Configured It is also important to understand that the movement of stocks are handled using movement types specific to the type of stocks and the goods movement being performed.
We will mention the relevant movement types and management methods as we discuss SAP stock types throughout this article. There are three types of valuated stock, amongst which materials can be moved using particular movement types. We define each sub-type of valuated stock below.
Unrestricted Stock: Unrestricted stock refers to stock which can be used readily and which is always available for use on premises. Quality Inspection Stock: Quality inspection stock is delivered material that is retained for quality inspection.
It is not regarded as unrestricted and cannot be readily used. Blocked Stock: If a material is rejected due to bad quality then it is moved to blocked stock in SAP.
This can also happen during production when some irregularities are found with the stock and thus blocked for further use. First, we will have a look at the stock overview for the material via transaction code MMBE. We process the goods movement via transaction code MIGOusing movement type as illustrated below: Process Valuated Goods Movement Now, note how the stock levels have changed in the stock overview.
Execute transaction code MMBE again to see that 20 units have been deducted from unrestricted use and are now categorized as quality inspection stock, as shown below: Valuated Stock Overview Non-Valuated Stock With the procurement of non-valuated stocks, no accounting entry takes place. These SAP stock types are not yet owned by the company even though they may be on the premises.
For example, if a vendor sends goods that are visibly damaged at the time of receiving, they will be returned to the vendor and should not be processed into inventory. In this case the goods are received into blocked stock with no accounting entry.
This is an example of a non-valuated stock type, as the ownership is still not with the company.
We can see units of the material are on order, as highlighted below:. Suppose the material is visibly damaged upon arrival. To bring the received material to blocked stock, a goods movement using movement type is used.
Process a goods movement of pieces of the material to receive the goods into blocked stock as shown below: Process Non-Valuated Goods Movement Once the vendor has rectified the issue and the material is ready for use, move the material into company stock using valuated stock movement type Special Stock SAP special stock types differ in their procurement method compared to standard the procure to pay process.
We will enumerate the different special stock types below: Subcontracting: Subcontracting is a special procurement method wherein the company decides to outsource its work to a vendor. In this process, a company sends raw material to the vendor for specific manufacturing processes and receives the finished material back.A great deal of uncertainty and complexity are involved when usage decision in QM is interfaced with handling unit management and warehouse management and there is no such document available in SCN which by and large talks about this.
Recently, a customer approached us to improve there their existing production business. Material are produced which are batch managed and after production, produced batches are packed by a packing machine in Drums which calls for quality inspection once they are packed. So, starting our journey from creation Production order, packing production with handling units, goods receipt of HUs, transportation of Storage Units SUs by putting away the HUs, Usage decision of HUS assigned in Inspection lots and subsequent Material document postings or Posting change delivery creation, we will check each and every aspect of this complex topic.
I will explain in which circumstances posting change delivery is created and in which condition only material document is generated. SAP says there are 2 ways of conducting a usage decision with inspection lots having handling units assigned in warehouse management. Method 1 Conduct UD in storage types which allows direct posting change of the handling units.
Material document generation. Posting change delivery generation. If we need to conduct the whole process in flow diagram, below flowchart encapsulates the 2 way Usage decision and transportation of Storage units HU becomes SU in warehouse during Putaway. Automatic packing is called in background as per packaging instruction maintained. I have done Automatic packing configuration already. Once its is packed, Quality Lots will be generated during packing as highlighted.
One inspection can carry multiple HUs. Whenever you find some quantity as picking qty and put-away qty, it means transfer order needs to be confirmed as TO is open. The transportation of Storage units SUs is carried out by LT12 which places SUs into storage bins of the respective storage types, in our case it is Before we proceed, lets check the 2 mandatory configuration for storage types allowing direct posting change.
Lets try to conduct Usage decision before Puaway, see how system respond. Put the Usage decison code as accepted.
SAP QM Incoming/Raw Material Inspection Procedure: MIGO, QA32
Before we post UD, it is very important to understand which is more powerful Handling unit or inspection or who controls each other. If an inspection lot is assigned to a HU, the inspection lot controls the allowed movements for the HU.
The following criteria are important for deciding whether postings are allowed:. If the above criteria are met, posting of inspection lot with Hus can be free done. Lets try to post the UD. Handling units have been assigned to inspection stock and they are being posted to Unrestricted Use stock.
We get an error message while posting UD. System is saying that Posting is not allowed due to Open TO. Any idea why system behaved like this??? The reason behind is that there 2 process in warehouse management when it is interfaced with quality management.
A QM control indicator must be defined which controls how the stock placement is handled. So we need to confirm the transfer order and then UD should be posted.
If we check the Open TOs, system will suggest in LT22 that these Storage units needs to be transported to the storage bin Practically SUs are in interim storage bin which is equal to process order number as only Stock category Q is changing. And you can observe that Material document has been posted in MIGO not a posting change delivery with movement type To identify the triggering of inspection based on the business process, inspection types are maintained in SAP.
Against each GR line item, the SAP system will automatically generate one inspection lot which contains details of the purchase like vendor, date of purchase, inspection specifications and sampling details.
All the characteristics will be shown in the SAP recording screen for input. The SAP system will give an f4 search for getting code values for attribute inspection.
For quantitative data, based on tolerance limit upper and lowerthe SAP system will propose the valuation. In both cases, the inspector can accept or reject the proposal Manually.
How to post Goods receipt against Purchase order 2. How to do result recording 3. How to do usage decision. After saving the SAP screen by clicking save button, the material document will be posted.
After posting the material document for Goods receipt against a purchase order, the next step is the quality result recording. Here, we will do usage decision against inspection lot whether the lot is accepted or rejected and move the stock from quality inspection. Step 4 In this SAP screen, we will do stock posting from quality stock to any other stock category. Thus, the stock movement from quality inspection to unrestricted stock, as shown above, indicates the completion of Raw Material Inspection.
Nice post! I am really interested by the possibilities of Hi, nice blog Do you have any example of employee central Toggle navigation.
Incoming Inspection / Raw Material Inspection in SAP QM
Incoming inspection has following steps to follow in SAP system, like Creation of inspection lot at goods receipts against purchase order A good receipt will happen in the procurement process as a part of purchasing. Good receipt generally occurs against a purchase order or schedule agreement. If more than one inspection plan exists for the material, we have to, Assign the proper inspection plan to the material Calculate the sample Release the lot for inspection processing.
Result recording Result recording will be done against the inspection lot created at the time of Goods Receipt. Usage Decision When we make the usage decision, you decide whether to accept or reject the goods in the inspection lot based on the results of the inspection.
Once you have made the usage decision, the inspection is completed. Stock posting If inventory management is in place at the time of usage decision, we can transfer the Quality stock into relevant stock categories like, Unrestricted usage Blocked Scrap Different material Sample Return to vendor In this SAP QM tutorial, you will learn- 1.
How to do usage decision How to post Goods receipt against Purchase order In this transaction, we will post goods receipt against purchase order which will trigger inspection lot. Select Goods receipt from the drop down box. Select Purchase order from drop down box. Enter purchase order number. After filling in all the fields, click or press Enter to go to the next SAP screen.To identify the triggering of inspection based on the business process, inspection types are maintained in SAP.
Incoming inspection has following steps to follow in SAP system, like Creation of inspection lot at goods receipts against purchase order A good receipt will happen in the procurement process as a part of purchasing. Good receipt generally occurs against a purchase order or schedule agreement. Against each GR line item, the SAP system will automatically generate one inspection lot which contains details of the purchase like vendor, date of purchase, inspection specifications and sampling details.
The search criteria can be Material s Inspection lot creation date Inspection dates Plant Inspection type Batch Vendor Attaching inspection plan and release the inspection lot If only one inspection plan with task list type '05' Goods receipt inspection is available for the material in released status, the SAP system automatically assigns the plan to the material.
If more than one inspection plan exists for the material, we have to, Assign the proper inspection plan to the material Calculate the sample Release the lot for inspection processing.inspections lot in results recording sap qm
Result recording Result recording will be done against the inspection lot created at the time of Goods Receipt. All the characteristics will be shown in the SAP recording screen for input. The SAP system will give an f4 search for getting code values for attribute inspection. For quantitative data, based on tolerance limit upper and lowerthe SAP system will propose the valuation. In both cases, the inspector can accept or reject the proposal Manually.
Usage Decision When we make the usage decision, you decide whether to accept or reject the goods in the inspection lot based on the results of the inspection. Once you have made the usage decision, the inspection is completed. Stock posting If inventory management is in place at the time of usage decision, we can transfer the Quality stock into relevant stock categories like, Unrestricted usage Blocked Scrap Different material Sample Return to vendor How to post Goods receipt against Purchase order In this transaction, we will post goods receipt against purchase order which will trigger inspection lot.
Select Goods receipt from the drop down box. Select Purchase order from drop down box. Enter purchase order number. After filling in all the fields, click or press Enter to go to the next SAP screen.
Step 2 In this step, we will post goods receipt against the purchase order. You can see the stock type as "quality inspection" is generated automatically as the material is subjected to quality inspection.
After saving the SAP screen by clicking save button, the material document will be posted. After posting the material document for Goods receipt against a purchase order, the next step is the quality result recording.
Here, we will inspect the material and record the results against inspection specification. Enter Plant Code. Enter inspection lot origin as "01" which is standard SAP inspection type used for raw material inspection.
Press Execute to display the list of inspection lot. Press "Results" button and move to next SAP screen to do results recording. Step 3 In this SAP screen, you will see the result of inspection lots You can see the short text of the Master Inspection characteristics along with specifications like length, surface, visual, etc.
You can see a sample size of 5 calculated automatically by the system if sampling procedure is assigned in the inspection plan. Enter your actual results against the inspection specifications. Press save button to save the inspection results. Here, we will do usage decision against inspection lot whether the lot is accepted or rejected and move the stock from quality inspection. Enter inspection lot origin as "01" which is a standard SAP inspection type used for raw material inspection.
Press execute button to display the list of inspection lot along with lot quantity. Step 4 In this SAP screen, we will do stock posting from quality stock to any other stock category.Here is the standard solution for the reversal of UD and reverse the stock posting of Inspection Lot.
Please think about the intended user group of this report. Check the comments below this document for details. If you scroll down, there will be a correction instructions available at the bottom.
There click on the correction note number If you click on that correction instruction, the sub note will open. Assign a T Code for this program and execute. The input field will be Quality Inspection Lot. Enter the Inspection Lot Number and Execute.
Stock Posting can be done again, or GR of the Purchase order can be reversed, since the material is available in Quality Stock. Reversal Accounting Document Details are available here. Reference Type 7 is for reversal of Quality Stock Posting. This document is pretty useful for users who do not have have access to market place. Getting codes would definitely help in creating the reversal program. Anyway your company must have S User Id to access Market place.
My company really requires this development and others also might needed. We have to be very careful about how OSS notes are included in blogs. I had to ask Vinodh to remove the actual program text in the attached file. Documents also should not be a repetition of what are common activities unless you can add some added info that is not readily apparent. For instance, downloading of an OSS note would not suffice for a document.
This document does show the related config step though as well. We need to include extra notes into documents so that they are not just a series of screen prints or info already generally available in help files or SCN discussions.
There are several other disclaimers that SAP includes in the note. It would be good to include the key ones in the document itself. This program should only be capable of being run by one or two people, probably IT peopleand only after getting approvals from high level management. The reason being is that if the program becomes part of the daily lives of people, the underlying, root causes for having to run the program are never solved.
Following necessary approvals and execution of the program, the notification should be then be used for an investigation as to why it was necessary to run the program and what remedial actions are to take place to prevent it from happening again. More often than not, the need for this is caused by human error which could require retraining, process change, extra checks, a customization, etc.
I did use it at my previous client however for a few notes. This has also the effect that other system administrators are able to track who loaded down the note and which notes have been downloaded so far. The only code in here is the code in the screen print.